High school students take note:
This upcoming school year will be the last full one for the current incarnation of the SAT. In spring of 2016 the College Board will issue a redesigned test, making eight critical changes they hope will improve the test for students and colleges alike.
In addition, a new PSAT based upon the new test will debut in October 2015. As a result, this upcoming year’s crop of test-takers could be the last to ever need flash cards full of obscure, little-used vocabulary words. And while wild guessing is not going to be rewarded on the new test, wrong answers will no longer be penalized—which for many students might amount to the same thing.
Most notably, this year’s students will be the last who are required to complete the essay, or written test, which just made its debut in 2005—on the new exam it is optional. Many colleges chose to ignore it anyway.
Sarah Gallagher-Dvorak, the former director of undergraduate admissions at George Mason University—who has since moved on to St. Mary’s College in Notre Dame, Indiana—states that “since the essay came out in 2005 it hasn’t made any change to the way [George Mason] looks at the test, and I can’t foresee it making any difference now.” Michael D. Walsh, the dean of admissions at James Madison University, says “we don’t use the writing portion of either the SAT or the ACT.” Both schools provide their own writing prompts and find those to be far more useful to their decision-making process.
Carly Lindauer, senior director of external communications at the College Board acknowledges the essay’s lack of universal acclaim in an e-mail. “One essay alone has not in the past contributed significantly to the overall predictive power of the exam,” she says. “Furthermore, feedback from college admission officers was split; some of them found the essay useful while many did not.” The College Board recommends, though, that students check with their targeted schools before gleefully foregoing the essay—some may still require it.
All of the changes come as more and more educators, students and parents question the necessity for standardized testing in the college admissions process and as the SAT continues to lose market share to its rival the ACT. Many are left to wonder why the test is changing, how it is changing and how they should prepare going forward.
This is the second time in the 21st century that the SAT has undergone a significant redesign. The reason, according to the College Board’s Lindauer, is that “[the College Board’s] members, including admission officers, school counselors, teachers and students, called on us to change the SAT and go beyond assessment to deliver opportunity.” To clarify, she adds “our goal is to support college readiness and success for more students and to make sure that those who are prepared can take full advantage of the opportunities they have earned through their hard work.”
A more cynical explanation for the changes is given by Dr. Ralph G. Perrino, a professor at Northern Virginia Community College who also serves as director of Northern Virginia Tutoring Service, a Fairfax-based company that provides test preparation assistance. “Quite simply, they want their market share back,” he says with a laugh.
According to data compiled by The National Center for Fair and Open Testing (FairTest), the number of students taking the ACT surpassed those taking the SAT for the first time in 2012, completing an upward trend for the ACT that began decades before.
Originally, though, the two were very different tests.
“I don’t favor one over the other,” says Walsh, “but one of the strengths, in my opinion, of the ACT is that it has always been very strongly linked to the high school curriculum. If you go back and look at the SAT’s original purpose, it was not to be linked to the curriculum, but rather to look at other aspects of a student’s profile.”
Specifically, the SAT’s original goal, as championed by Harvard President James Bryant Conant in the 1930s, was to make education accessible not just to wealthy private-school elites but to everybody. Conant wrote fervently during the 1940s in Atlantic magazine of his desire to create a “Jeffersonian” society, one in which merit trumps class in providing opportunity. Partnering with the College Board the test was refined with the primary aim of creating a tool for issuing scholarships.
At the time though, educational standards were not nearly as uniform as they are now—which is why the test measured “aptitude” not achievement. The specific goal was not to identify what aspiring students had already learned, but to find their untapped potential. Thus, the SAT has been credited extensively with ushering in a new era of “meritocracy” in which opportunity is tied strictly to ability—not connections, wealth or the class of the individual.
That was the basic idea, anyway. And it worked, to a point.
Colleges are filled with kids from every background—many of whom are either direct or indirect beneficiaries of this idea of meritocracy—and with students who are far from the upper class, unaffiliated with any private school or other special advantage, who nonetheless attend classes, succeed and move on. Social rank in the intervening decades has become much more fluid, with people moving up and down much more freely. It is no longer the primary factor in determining success, though it is undeniably still important and a conferrer of significant advantage.
But as the idea of meritocracy has taken hold in this country, the practical application of the SAT as a tool to promote it has declined. There have always been wide performance gaps between different demographics, and that gap has been widening over time. “If you look at the data,” says Greg W. Roberts, dean of admission at the University of Virginia, “you’ll find kids from lower socioeconomic groups don’t score as well. That shouldn’t shock anyone—they are often coming from families that are first-generation college or who can’t afford SAT prep.” Recognizing this inequity, the College Board announced two actions along with the test redesign that attempt to level the playing field. First, they announced in a press release that “every income-eligible student who takes the SAT will directly receive four fee waivers to apply to college.” Second, they announced a partnership with Khan Academy to provide free test preparation materials over the internet.
While considered by many to be a step in the right direction, simply making test prep materials available strikes some as inadequate. “We do outreach [at JMU] with some of the high schools that are in low-income areas throughout the states,” says Walsh, “and we find that it’s easy to talk, but you have to have boots on the ground. For this to work, you have to get people into schools who will really work with these kids and show them what to do.”
“It’s a noble concept,” says Perrino, but “many kids nationwide don’t have access to computers or even the internet. There are kids who drive around with their parents to McDonald’s or Panera and sit in the parking lot just to do their homework each night.”
Even if students do have access to the Internet, practicing for the SATs takes something many teenagers lack: motivation. “In my 31 years,” says Perrino, “I can say that most kids are not self-motivated to practice the SAT.”
As for the test itself, the general consensus among all the educators we spoke with is that the test, over time, is becoming much more curriculum-based, in the same manner as the ACT. Instead of testing a student’s aptitude—using skills like critical thinking or deductive reasoning that might be outside a normal school’s purview—it is increasingly focused on what students have already learned. There are key differences between the new SAT and the ACT—the new SAT targets very specific skills deemed critical for collegiate success, whereas the ACT measures a broader scope of academic mastery—but in the end both tests are now rooting themselves firmly in the curriculum commonly used in the United States.
“When you’re dealing with first-generation students,” says Walsh, “or students in rural areas, or students from the inner city or other low-income areas, the more in-line the test is with the curriculum, the fairer it is for students who are at a disadvantage because those students don’t have access [to assistance] that a more affluent student has.” So the predictive power of both exams now rests in the student’s already acquired abilities. Fairness in 2014 is not about stepping outside the curriculum and finding children who might still succeed—it’s about creating a common curriculum and granting opportunity to anyone who can demonstrate that they have mastered it.
There are two questions raised by the redesigned exam.
First, do we need two tests, the ACT and SAT, that take different approaches but essentially measure the same thing? The University of Virginia, James Madison, George Mason and Virginia Tech all state that they will accept either test, without preference. George Mason goes even further, allowing students to apply without any test scores at all. So these colleges are already, to some extent, answering that question for us with their indifference. They want some kind of test score, but they have no preference which of the two tests they get.
Wynonia Dunn, the owner of Excel Learning, an online provider of test preparation, says: “When you correlate the two scores, the ACT and the SAT, they are very comparable. As far as having one exclusively and not having a choice, I would probably go with having both.” Having two separate tests gives the students the freedom to target the test most applicable to their skill set or take both, for safety’s sake. But those schools do not care which they receive.
The second question is much broader. Do we need these exams at all? Of the four major colleges mentioned in this article, all of them use the tests differently, but all of them consider the tests to be just one part of a much larger file. “In our holistic view,” says Roberts, “we look at everything a student submits. I would say there is no rank order.” A typical applicant at UVA will complete three writing prompts alongside their high school transcripts and test scores. Students are also are encouraged to take two SAT subject tests. “Given that there are so many variables, the tests do give us a standardization that you don’t get from high school transcripts. But the high school transcript reflects four years of academic work.”
Gallagher-Dvorak says the SAT can be an important component of a potential applicant’s file at GMU, but it’s not as important as a student’s course work or extra-curricular activities. Admission officers prefer to look first at “the rigor of the courses [applicants] take and the grades they received in those courses.” Walsh, from JMU, agrees: “The commonality of the students we admit is that they’ve taken an above-average curriculum for their school, that they got As and Bs, and that they are involved.”
According to Perrino, preparing to take the SAT or ACT is important, but “the real potential lies in the GPA.” He adds: “I would say to anybody ready to enter college that if you haven’t developed the study skills, the organizational skills or the time-management skills that are necessary to be successful, then the highest SAT score on the face of the Earth isn’t going to help you.”
The College Board redesigned the SAT and partnered with Khan Academy with the stated goal of expanding the opportunities available to disadvantaged students. The hope is to level the playing field between different socioeconomic groups. Some information and sample questions have been released, but the full Khan Academy/College Board practice materials will not be available until spring of 2015, and admissions officers, educators and tutors are all taking a wait-and-see approach until then. But the inequalities in the educational system which the redesigned test seeks to address start well before high school—and as the test becomes increasingly curriculum-based, like its counterpart the ACT, it becomes even more imperative to start early.
“I always tell people that SAT or ACT prep began in the 4th grade,” says Perrino. “If the core reading comprehension, math skills or writing skills are not in place by the time they get to 11th grade there’s
not a lot that you can do.” For parents calling a few weeks before the test, “all we can really do is familiarize your child with the exam so they so they feel comfortable taking it.”
“If your child is in first, second, third or fourth grade, now is the time to begin preparing for the SAT,” Perrino adds, warning of parents who panic after seeing their child’s PSAT scores. “Students who have spent the last eight, nine or 10 years preparing for the SAT, once they’re sophomores, juniors or seniors in high school, they’re ready for it.”
A solid foundation in what he calls “the basics” can prepare a child far better than any tutor or prep course. “Learn good, solid study and organization skills. Learn time management. That’s critical, because it’s the
basis for earning good grades in school.” Beyond that, he recommends that parent’s develop a consistent habit for nurturing their children’s intellectual development.
“Parents should be reading to children on a regular basis, and insist on getting kids away from screen time so they can read.” They should also practice mental math, incorporating lessons from everyday life in the process, practicing at the grocery store or wherever they happen to be with the child. The parent who truly sees a collegiate future for their child needs to “build a love of learning into them so that by the time they get to high school that love of learning, by osmosis, translates into good grades, good test-taking abilities, self-reliance and calm.”
If, however, sophomore year approaches and the student hasn’t fully developed those core skills, they do still have the option to take a class, hire a tutor or access other test-preparation options. The College Board is aiming, through their partnership with Khan Academy and their efforts surrounding the new test, to make those kinds of opportunities available to a broader stretch of the population. But the sort of structured, life-long educational development most critical to college success should actually occur long before the student reaches high school. While the new SAT may seek to address some inequalities in the old test, the real inequalities in children’s education—which have very real consequences for college or real-world success—begin to take root long before the College Board gets involved.
According to the College Board, there will be eight key changes on the redesigned SAT.
1 The test will focus on “relevant words in context”.
Obscure vocabulary words will be removed from the test and students will be asked to read passages and infer a word’s meaning from its use. According to the College Board, the focus will be on “words that students will use throughout their lives—in high school, college and beyond.”
2 The SAT will test a student’s “command of evidence”.
Passages from a wide range of disciplines will be included and students will be asked to, for example, cite a specific quote to support their answer; analyze a piece of text grammatically or substantively; or edit text to support a particular idea.
3 The essay will be made optional.
It will be designed to mirror college writing assignments, asking a student to read a passage and analyze how the argument has been constructed. Students should check with the schools to which they’re applying to see if they need to take this portion of the test.
4 The test will focus on “the math that matters most”.
Algebra and quantitative reasoning will be at the forefront, along with those areas whose mastery is deemed most critical to move into advanced math.
5 Problems will be “ground in real-world contexts”.
The exam will ask students to solve problems from a range of subjects—verbal questions might be about science, history or literature, and the math portion will model scenarios common to many disciplines or the world at large.
6 The SAT will test “analysis in science, history and social studies”.
The math and verbal skills being tested will be applied to subjects across the board.
7 The test will feature passages from the “founding documents and the great global conversation”.
It will utilize documents deemed essential to the American experience or others from around the world inspired by them.
8 The penalty for wrong answers has been removed.
If you don’t know the answer: guess.
Posted by Editorial / Friday, August 22nd, 2014
By Allison Michelli
Whether stepping out for a night on the town or enjoying with burgers and fries, adult milkshakes are the ideal way to turn up while also satisfying your sweet tooth.
1. FANFARE eatery, Spiked Shakes
Add a shot of Kahlua, Frangelico or Bailey's Irish Cream to any regular milkshake on their menu for $4.00 more. Coming soon to their menu will be “Specialty Adult Milkshakes” like Hot Fudge Bourbon and Salted Caramel.
/ Photo courtesy of FANFARE eatery.
2. Joe's Amazing Burgers, Bourbon Caramel Adult Milkshake
A strong blend of Jack Daniel's whiskey, caramel sauce and vanilla ice cream. $10/ Photo by Jill Laroussi.
3. Ray's to the Third, Shake and Bake
Vanilla ice cream blended with caramel and chocolate sauce and a shot of Jim Beam bourbon. Don't forget the bacon on top! $10.
/ Photo by Cristian Cguilar.
4. The Counter, Salted Caramel Adult Milkshake
The best of both worlds: salty and sweet. Vanilla ice cream blended with Stoli Vanil, Baileys caramel and pretzels. $9.
/ Photo courtesy of The Counter.
Still feeling thirsty? Three more places for adult shakes.
Alamo Drafthouse Cinema, 20575 E. Hampton Plaza, Ashburn.
Ted’s Bulletin, 11948 Market Street, Reston.
Vivefy Burger and Lounge, 314 William Street, Fredericksburg.
By Carten Cordell
Aides testify that McDonnell was ‘Mr. Honest’
(The Washington Post)
NORAD running aircraft exercises in D.C., Virginia and Maryland Tuesday morning
(The Washington Post)
Manziel lifts finger, but not the Browns, in loss to Redskins
Report: Loudoun County‘s income growth drives D.C.-area’s economy
Special election in Fairfax and Arlington to settle Virginia delegate’s seat
Posted by Editorial / Monday, August 18th, 2014
A continuation of new and almost opened restaurants in NoVA.
By Ariel Yong
Europa Restaurant is owned by Humberto Fuentes and is expected to open in Herndon by mid-September. Fuentes currently owns El Manantial in Reston but says he will close it once construction has finished for Europa. His new Mediterranean-inspired restaurant will focus on French cuisine and have a similar menu to the one at El Manantial’s. / 790 Station St., Herndon
Kobe House in Eden Center opened last month. This family business serves pho Kobe and will add Kobe steak to the menu in the future. / 6763 Wilson Boulevard, Store 6a, Falls Church
Natalie’s is a Vietnamese sandwich shop that is set to open in Fairfax in mid-October. In addition to the banh-mi-inspired sandwiches, it will also serve crepes and beignets. / 10407 Main St., Fairfax
Read the rest of this entry »
Read the rest of this entry »
By Elke Thoms
D.C. police on manhunt after attempted carjacking and shooting of an off-duty detective
(The Washington Post)
Reston engineer fits cat with collar that maps neighbors’ Wi-Fi networks
The Obama Administration announces plan for oil and gas exploration off Atlantic Coast
Ex-Fairfax Deputy charged with shoplifting will go on trial
Posted by Editorial / Monday, August 4th, 2014
By Allison Michelli
Rare ant-eating creature “literally being eaten to extinction” because of nostalgia for wild animal meat. [NPR]
Five ballpark hot dogs that hit it out of the park. [Yahoo]
31 recipes to get you through the dog days of summer. [Buzzfeed]
How to cook transparent sushi and sausage from a live pig in The In Vitro Meat Cookbook . [VICE]
Cosmos host Neil deGrasse Tyson sounds off on GMO’s. [GrubStreet]
Have mushroom-meat blends become the new burger craze? [WaPo]
LOCALE: For 10 years Ann O’Shields and her husband Sean, have brought upscale, California-casual home furnishing offerings to Northern Virginia residents from their store in Fairfax Corner.
ATMOSPHERE: Fun and comfortable is the atmosphere O’Shields has curated for the store, “I want people to come in because it makes them feel happy.” She does this with a sunlit, airy space, crisp colors and a playlist shuffling through pop and new artist music.
AESTHETIC: “We want to design rooms for people that they can live in, be accessible and practical,” says O’Shields. The Nest Egg has shifted their aesthetic with the trends of the time. When French country and cottage style were popular, the store carried those styles. Now the trend is a beachy, laid-back feel. “The store is transitional. We don’t want people to feel like they have to redo their entire room, they can mix pieces and update it.”
PRODUCT SPREAD: Shelves are stocked with sought-after lines: Kate Spade Paper, Mariposa, Nora Fleming and catstudio for gifts; Lee Industries for upholstered furniture; Dash & Albert for rugs; and more. The Nest Egg also carries a multitude of affordable artwork in a range of sizes and children gifts.
CLIENTELE: “People who are getting involved in their decorating,” says O’Shields. “They get really excited about recreating the images they find on Pintrest and blogs. And they are here for gifts.”
WALLET WONDERS: Wall art ranges from $100-$900; lighting from $125-$300; upholstered furniture runs $800 and up; and accessories range from $15-$150.
The Nest Egg
11940 Grand Commons Ave.
By Jessica Godart
Changes To Metro’s Blue Line Schedule Leaves Some Commuters Seeing Red
Route 50 conditions to improve by Spring 2015
Malaysia flight bodies to be sent home Wednesday
New map of Mars most complete geologic map seen
(The Washington Post)
Posted by Editorial / Monday, July 21st, 2014
A story of isolated terror, “Abominable” takes audiences on a journey of how fear can strike any of us, at any time. –Shelby Robinson
Sterling resident, Helen Pafumi wrote the first draft of “Abominable” to explore the destructive behavior exhibited by the son of her friend after his parent’s divorce. But the countrywide terror caused by the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary hijacked Pafumi’s play, leading her to transformed it into an exploration of the potential affects bullying has on an individual and on a community.
Posted by Editorial / Wednesday, July 16th, 2014
Pool parties and “Dexter” marathons aren’t the only ways to catch a chill this summer. Go beyond popsicles and take a global tour of summer treats. —Mary Kong-DeVito
Che Thai @ Song Que
Che Thai is an edible, slurpable treat that bears resemblance to a parfait, a McFlurry and bubble tea all at once. This Vietnamese take on a Thai dessert is a fun creation, put together from an array of ingredients including green pandan jelly, like Jello-O but firmer with a delightful snap; ebony-colored grass jelly, which is soft and lightly lavender-flavored; sweet corn pudding; red pomegranate seeds and more. Topped with crushed ice, half-and-half and a choice of fresh fruits—soft jackfruit, sweet longans, crunchy water chestnuts or juicy lychees—che Thai makes a hot afternoon bearable. Eat it with a spoon or extra-wide straw, both provided. / 6769 Wilson Blvd., Falls Church
Lucuma Ice Cream @ TropQ Creamery
TropQ makes over 50 flavors of ice cream with base ingredients sourced locally. With a focus on exotic Latin and Asian fruits, one of TropQ’s most interesting flavors comes from Peru. Look for the bright Creamsicle-like color and ask for lucuma, pronounced “LOO-koo-mah.” The fruit, a papaya look-alike, is green on the outside, but reveals a golden flesh on the inside that’s bursting with thick caramel flavors. Its rich color is due to an abundance of beta carotene, iron and other superfood powers, so naturally, you should have an extra scoop. / 721 E. Main St., Purcellville
New Zealand Classic Pavlova @ Cassatt’s Kiwi Café
It is said that when Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova toured Australia and New Zealand in the 1920s, a teacake was created in her honor, resembling the gossamer petticoats the prima ballerina wore in “Swan Lake.” The Pavlova cake, with whispery layers of fresh fruit, meringue and cream, is just as light. No one knows definitively which country it originates from, and much like Russell Crowe, both countries have laid claim to it, each declaring it their national dish. / 4536 Lee Highway, Arlington
Ube @ Bistro 7107
Ube is a purple yam indigenous to Asia and popular in the Philippines. Like Prince, it sports a bold violet color that is hard to miss, and just like the provocative singer, ube isn’t afraid to bare its flesh. Similar to a sweet potato, ube’s sugar content is ideal for making desserts. At Bistro 7107, the root vegetable is blended with coconut milk, chilled and formed into ube jalaya, a vibrant, rich cake with a texture not unlike flourless chocolate cake. / 513 23rd St. S, Arlington
Firnee @ Mazadar
A traditional Persian dish usually prepared for religious and special occasions, firnee is simple custard—alabaster-white yet colorfully fragrant—made fresh with milk, cornstarch and sugar, then chilled. With spicy, citrus notes of cardamom, it’s silky and lighter than creme brulee, with the delicate crunch of crushed pistachios. / 11725 Lee Highway, Fairfax